Download e-book for kindle: Eudaimonia in Stoa und Epikureismus. Glück für jedermann zu by Marion Näser

By Marion Näser

Zwischenprüfungsarbeit aus dem Jahr 2003 im Fachbereich Philosophie - Philosophie der Antike, einseitig bedruckt, notice: 1-, Philipps-Universität Marburg, 18 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: In Stoa und Epikureismus ist das Glück des Menschen ein zentrales Thema: Die hellenistischen Ethiken versuchen, den Begriff des Glücks so zu bestimmen, dass seine Realisierung unter allen äußeren Umständen für jeden Menschen möglich erscheint. Daher wird das Glück verinnerlicht und bei beiden philosophischen Richtungen mit Bedürfnisreduktion und Autarkie verbunden.

Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit ist ein Vergleich der Glücksphilosophien der Stoa und des Epikureismus sowie eine Konfrontation mit den Theorien der Emotionspsychologie. Dieser interdisziplinäre Ansatz dient der Beantwortung der Frage, inwieweit der jeweilige Glückszustand und die Strategien zu seiner Erreichung psychologisch möglich und additionally praktisch durchführbar bzw. den natürlichen Voraussetzungen und emotionalen Bedürfnissen von Individuen angemessen sind.

Das Fazit dieser Überprüfung von Philosophie an der psychischen Realität ist, dass ein permanenter Zustand der Zufriedenheit, ein „Ruhen in sich selbst" nicht ständig als Glück empfunden werden kann: Gelassenheit kann nur als allgemeine Geisteshaltung zu starke Unglücksempfindungen z.T. verhindern, aber aktives, intensives Glücksempfinden vermag sie nicht zu vermitteln, da der Mensch nur den Kontrast intensiv genießen kann; gewöhnt er sich an einen Zustand, so empfindet er diesen nicht mehr als Glück, sondern strebt nach einer weiteren Verbesserung. Glücksempfinden ist ein subjektives Gefühl, aber auch abhängig von objektiven Situationsfaktoren. Glück ist nicht nur Reflexion der Lebenszufriedenheit, sondern auch die Frequenz und Intensität positiver Emotionen. Glücksdefinitionen sind temporal und kulturell determiniert und werden von Erziehung, intellektuellen Fähigkeiten und Charaktereigenschaften des betreffenden Individuums beeinflu

Show description

Read more

Miira Tuominen's The Ancient Commentators on Plato and Aristotle (Ancient PDF

By Miira Tuominen

In past due antiquity the works of Plato and Aristotle have been topic to excessive learn, which ultimately ended in the improvement of a brand new literary shape, the philosophical remark. until eventually lately those commentaries have been understood mainly as assets of knowledge for the masters - Plato and Aristotle - they commented upon. even though, lately, it has turn into more and more stated that the commentators themselves - Aspasius, Alexander, Themistius, Porphyry, Proclus, Philoponus, Simplicius and others - although they labored within the Platonist - Aristotelian framework, contributed to this practice in unique, leading edge and important methods such that their commentaries are philosophically very important assets of their personal correct. This ebook offers the 1st systematic advent to the 'philosophy' of the commentators: their manner of doing philosophy and the type of philosophical difficulties they discovered interesting.Although there has been no philosophy of the commentators within the experience of a distinct set of doctrines, Tuominen indicates how the statement layout was once however a automobile for unique philosophical theorizing and argues convincingly that the commentators may still take their position along different philosophers of antiquity within the heritage of western philosophy.

Show description

Read more

Download e-book for kindle: Aristotle: A Guide for the Perplexed (Guides for the by John Vella

By John Vella

For greater than a millennium, Aristotle used to be considered as the main authority within the western global in approximately each topic. His corpus spans a frightening array of matters and he made major contributions to each recognized box of inquiry within the historic global.

In Aristotle: A consultant for the Perplexed, John Vella explores the historic, philosophical and political context within which aristotle's theories developed. The e-book bargains a transparent and thorough account of the paintings and regarded this key philosopher, offering an summary of his principal rules and the ways that they've got prompted the historical past of western philosophy. Thematically dependent, the publication considers all Aristotle's key works and is geared in the direction of the categorical requisites of scholars who have to succeed in a valid figuring out of his theories and ideas.

Show description

Read more

Volume 2, Tome II: Kierkegaard and the Greek World - - download pdf or read online

By Katalin Nun,Jon Stewart

The articles during this quantity hire source-work examine to track Kierkegaard's realizing and use of authors from the Greek culture. a sequence of figures of various significance in Kierkegaard's authorship are taken care of, starting from early Greek poets to past due Classical philosophical colleges. regularly it may be acknowledged that the Greeks jointly represent one of many unmarried most crucial physique of resources for Kierkegaard's suggestion. He studied Greek from an early age and used to be profoundly encouraged via what can be referred to as the Greek spirit. even though he's quite often thought of a Christian philosopher, he was once still continually drawn again to the Greeks for concepts and impulses on any variety of themes. He often contrasts old Greek philosophy, with its emphasis at the lived event of the person in way of life, with the summary German philosophy that was once fashionable in the course of his personal time. it's been argued that he modeled his paintings on that of the traditional Greek thinkers particularly with a view to distinction his personal job with that of his contemporaries.

Show description

Read more

Read e-book online The Drama of Ideas: Platonic Provocations in Theater and PDF

By Martin Puchner

so much philosophy has rejected the theater, denouncing it as a spot of phantasm or ethical decay; the theater in flip has rejected philosophy, insisting that drama offers in activities, no longer rules. difficult either perspectives, The Drama of Ideas indicates that theater and philosophy were crucially intertwined from the start.

Plato is the presiding genius of this substitute heritage. The Drama of Ideas offers Plato not just as a theorist of drama, but additionally as a dramatist himself, one that constructed a dialogue-based dramaturgy that differs markedly from the traditional, Aristotelian view of theater. Puchner discovers ratings of dramatic variations of Platonic dialogues, the main quick evidence of Plato's hitherto unrecognized impression on theater background. Drawing on those diversifications, Puchner indicates that Plato used to be vital to fashionable drama in addition, with figures reminiscent of Wilde, Shaw, Pirandello, Brecht, and Stoppard utilizing Plato to create a brand new drama of rules. Puchner then considers complementary advancements in philosophy, providing a theatrical background of philosophy that comes with Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Burke, Sartre, Camus, and Deleuze. those philosophers continue with consistent connection with theater, utilizing theatrical phrases, techniques, or even dramatic options of their writings.

The Drama of Ideas mobilizes this double heritage of philosophical theater and theatrical philosophy to topic present conduct of inspiration to severe scrutiny. In discussion with modern thinkers resembling Martha Nussbaum, Iris Murdoch, and Alain Badiou, Puchner formulates the contours of a "dramatic Platonism." This new Platonism doesn't search to come to an idealist conception of varieties, however it does element past the reigning philosophies of the physique, of materialism and of cultural relativism.

Show description

Read more

Irini-Fotini Viltanioti's L'harmonie des Sirènes du pythagorisme ancien à Platon PDF

By Irini-Fotini Viltanioti

< !doctype html public "-//w3c//dtd html 4.0 transitional//en">

Is the concord of the Sirens in Plato’s fantasy of Er derived from Early Pythagorean doctrine or is the doctrine, which in Iamblichus’ On the Pythagorean manner of Life, defines the concord of the Sirens as being the tetractys and the oracle at Delphi, a Pseudo-pythagorean invention drawing upon this recognized passage in Plato’s Republic? What does the concord of the Sirens suggest for the Pythagoreans and what does it suggest for Plato? Does the Platonic snapshot of the Sirens do any philosophical paintings in the context of the Republic? what's the connection, if any, among the Platonic and Pythagorean topics of the concord of the Sirens, on one hand, and the music of the Sirens in Homer’s Odyssey, at the different? via investigating those and different appropriate questions, Irini-Fotini Viltanioti deals, for the 1st time, a sustained examine of the mythological rendition of the well-known Pythagorean conception of the so-called “Harmony of the Spheres” in Plato’s Republic and in Iamblichus’ On the Pythagorean manner of Life. Filling this severe hole in present literature, this booklet is a vital contribution to the sphere of Pythagorean and Platonic stories.

Show description

Read more

Sophisten in Hellenismus und Kaiserzeit: Orte, Methoden und by Beatrice Wyss,Rainer Hirsch-Luipold,Solmeng-Jonas Hirschi PDF

By Beatrice Wyss,Rainer Hirsch-Luipold,Solmeng-Jonas Hirschi

Der Forschung geläufig ist die Rede von einer ersten (5./4. Jh. v. Chr.) und der sog. Zweiten Sophistik (2. Jh. n. Chr). Aber auch die Literatur des Hellenismus und der frühen Kaiserzeit kennt zahlreiche Sophisten. Der Sophist, verstanden als (schlechter) Lehrer und Redner, Gegenspieler des Philosophen oder Vertreter der griechischen Bildung, bildet deshalb den Dreh-und Angelpunkt der Beiträge, die Schlaglichter auf Orte, Methoden und Personen der Bildungsvermittlung werfen. Sophisten wirken im Gymnasion, im Museion in Alexandreia, in Tempeln in Rom oder privaten Schulen in Ägypten und Judäa. Der vorliegende Band diskutiert neben diesen Orten die Methoden der Bildungsvermittlung und die soziale Herkunft der Lehrer. Weitere wichtige Aspekte sind die Konkurrenz als strukturierendes aspect des Lebens eines Sophisten und das Bankett als Ort der Bildungsvermittlung. Die Beiträge zeigen, wie pagane und jüdische Denker, Platoniker und Stoiker Bildung als Weg zum richtigen Welt- und Gottesverständnis verstehen.

Show description

Read more

Get Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Berkeley and the PDF

By Robert Fogelin

George Berkeley is likely one of the such a lot widespread philosophers of the eighteenth century. His Principles of Human Knowledge has develop into a focus within the figuring out of empiricist inspiration and the improvement of eighteenth century philosophy.
This quantity introduces and assesses:
* Berkeley's lifestyles and the heritage to the Principles
* the information and textual content within the Principles
* Berkeley's carrying on with significance to philosophy.

Show description

Read more

Download e-book for kindle: Augustine's Intellectual Conversion: The Journey from by Brian Dobell

By Brian Dobell

This ebook examines Augustine's highbrow conversion from Platonism to Christianity, as defined at Confessions 7.9.13–21.27. it truly is commonly assumed that this happened in the summertime of 386, almost immediately earlier than Augustine's volitional conversion within the backyard at Milan. Brian Dobell argues, notwithstanding, that Augustine's highbrow conversion didn't happen until eventually the mid-390s, and develops this declare by way of evaluating Confessions 7.9.13–21.27 with a couple of vital passages and issues from Augustine's early writings. He therefore invitations the reader to contemplate anew the matter of Augustine's conversion in 386: used to be it to Platonism or Christianity? His unique and significant learn may be of curiosity to quite a lot of readers within the background of philosophy and the historical past of theology.

Show description

Read more