Read e-book online The Rise and Fall of Classical Greece (The Princeton History PDF

By Josiah Ober

Lord Byron defined Greece as nice, fallen, and immortal, a characterization extra apt than he knew. via such a lot of its lengthy background, Greece used to be bad. yet within the classical period, Greece used to be densely populated and hugely urbanized. Many strangely fit Greeks lived in remarkably tremendous homes and labored for prime wages at really expert occupations. Middle-class spending drove sustained financial progress and classical wealth produced a beautiful cultural efflorescence lasting thousands of years.

Why did Greece achieve such heights within the classical period—and why basically then? and the way, after "the Greek miracle" had continued for hundreds of years, did the Macedonians defeat the Greeks, doubtless bringing an finish to their glory? Drawing on a huge physique of newly to be had information and using novel methods to proof, Josiah Ober deals a big new heritage of classical Greece and an exceptional account of its upward thrust and fall.

Ober argues that Greece's upward push was once no miracle yet really the results of political breakthroughs and fiscal improvement. the extreme emergence of citizen-centered city-states remodeled Greece right into a society that defeated the robust Persian Empire. but Philip and Alexander of Macedon have been in a position to beat the Greeks within the conflict of Chaeronea in 338 BCE, a victory made attainable by means of the Macedonians' appropriation of Greek techniques. After Alexander's demise, battle-hardened warlords fought ruthlessly over the remnants of his empire. yet Greek towns remained populous and filthy rich, their economic climate and tradition surviving to be handed directly to the Romans—and to us.

A compelling narrative jam-packed with uncanny glossy parallels, this can be a ebook for someone attracted to how nice civilizations are born and die.

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The Rise and Fall of Classical Greece (The Princeton History of the Ancient World) by Josiah Ober

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